Studio Explorations (2019)

Exploring the socio-economic relationship that emerges from factors of a post-industrial society, this interests me because of the reciprocal and cyclical relationship.  I comment on the everlasting or increasing value of art objects through time based sculpture that highlights the impermanence of modern day and it’s own existence. I do this because our mode of production in this century has shifted and, in turn, our way of living has followed suit, I therefore believe that the art of this generation should reflect this.

‘Ice Clock’ consists of 2500 ball bearings sealed into an ice cast of a 1950’s clock that responds to its environment over a period of time - hinting at the process that life takes in adapting to different situations. This time based installation uses the materiality of ice and steel to expose and measure systems of power, the ever changing state of the work references life - it’s born, it lives, it dies with only traces left behind of its existence; ultimately serving as a reminder of the direction of time and life to bring forth thoughts of existential crisis through drawing comparison on a product's life cycle to one of a humans.

The work plays to our awareness of the world through science , we know that the clock exists in three states despite not all being evident. Opening up questions of belief and acceptance.


Water is the most abundant resource on our planet and fundamental to the start and the continuation of all life on earth, revealing itself to be the material to represent humanity and in turn society. Partnered with ball bearings as a means to talk about industrial development. The use of a piece of engineering that creates smooth rotational movement in machinery is apparent on a larger scale to the way we’ve introduced tools into our life in order to achieve the same fluency. This piece touches upon similar themes to the work of Hans Haacke's ‘Condensation Cube’  in how it changes depending on the conditions that surround it. However ‘Ice Clock’ differs in the sense that it does not complete its own cycle without intervention; human interaction is required at some point despite this not being evident at certain moments in the installation, yielding thought of automation possibilities and limitations of a workforce as the ice melts away all that is left behind is scattered ball bearings serving as remnants of what once was.